With the launch of NileSat 101 in 1998, Egypt was the first Arab nation to deploy a communications satellite into space. Nilesat 102, which transmitted hundreds of satellite TV channels, followed in 2000.
Egypt launched EgyptSat 1, the country’s first remote-sensing satellite, in 2007. It was built by Egypt’s NARSS (National Authority for Remote Sensing and Space Sciences) and Ukraine’s Yuzhnoye State Design Office.
EgyptSat2, Egypt’s second remote sensing satellite, was launched in April 2014 but lost in space in February of 2015. Egypt replaced it with EgyptSat A four years later, after deploying it from the Russian Baikonur Cosmodrome, a leased spaceport in Kazakhstan. Egypt created the Egyptian Space Agency in August 2019 as a public economic agency with legal status under the president’s control.
The agency’s mission is to develop, transfer, and own space technology development, localization, and self-capabilities for building and launching satellites from Egyptian soil. After twice postponing the launch owing to technical issues, Egypt successfully deployed the telecommunications satellite Tiba 1 into space in 2019. Egypt has continued to investigate the benefits of space travel.
According to the spacecraft’s primary contractor, NileSat’s newest communications satellite is prepared to proceed to its last orbit after passing health assessments after its 8th June SpaceX launch. According to Sandrine Bielecki, a representative for Franco-Italian maker Thales Alenia Space, the nearly 4,000-kilogram Nilesat 301 satellite is going to utilize onboard chemical propulsion to begin its voyage within the next few days.
Nilesat 301 will most likely take roughly a month to enter its geostationary orbit (GEO) slot at 7 degrees west, conduct more tests, and then begin commercial operations to increase Nilesat’s African coverage. At 5:04 p.m. Eastern on June 9, SpaceX launched Nilesat 301 into geosynchronous transfer orbit (GEO) with a Falcon 9 launch vehicle from Space Launch Complex 40 (SLC-40) at the Cape Canaveral Space Force Station in Florida.
The rocket’s first stage landed successfully on SpaceX’s drone ship in the Atlantic Ocean shortly after launch, making it the 116th time the firm has successfully landed the first stage. Six previous SpaceX launches used the rocket, including two flights to the ISS (International Space Station) and GPS and Starlink broadband satellites.
Nilesat 301, which is based on Thales Alenia Space’s Spacebus 4000-B2 platform, is equipped with Ku-band transponders for television broadcasting as well as Ka-band capability for internet services. The satellite will ultimately substitute the Thales Alenia Space-created Nilesat 201, which is going to exhaust fuel in 2028 after its 2010 launch, according to the Egyptian business.
Nilesat 301 expands Nilesat’s reach into emerging markets in southern Africa as well as the Nile River basin, in addition to the MENA areas that Nilesat already covers with Nilesat 201 as well as other satellites it leases.
Nilesat 301, according to Nilesat, complements connectivity services offered by Tiba 1, Egypt’s first satellite, which launched in 2019.